**TDA2030A**company

**ST Microelectronics**enjoys well-deserved popularity among radio amateurs. It has a high electrical performance and low cost, which allows for the least cost to collect her high UNCH capacity of up to 18 Watts. But not everyone is aware of its hidden virtues: it turns out at the IMS can collect a number of other useful devices. TDA2030A chip is a 18 W Hi-Fi class AB power amplifier or a driver for UNCH capacity of up to 35 W (with strong external transistor) . It provides high output current, has a small harmonic and intermodulation distortion, wide bandwidth reinforced signal, a very low level of own noise, built protection against short circuits output, an automatic system for limiting the power dissipation, holding a working point of output transistors IMS in a safe area. This chip implemented in the shell Pentawatt and has a 5 findings. At first, a brief look at several standard charts IMS application - bass amplifiers. The model scheme to include TDA2030A shown

**in**Figure 1.

_{2 = 1}/ 6, 28 * 40 * 47 * 10

^{-6}= 85 ohms. Input resistance is determined by the resistors R1. As VD1, VD2 can use any silicon diodes with a current I

_{OL}0.5 ... 1 A and U

_{OBR}more than 100, for example KD209, KD226, 1N4007. Hook-IMS in the case of a unipolar power source is illustrated in

**Figure 2.**

**Fig.3.**

**Figure 4.**

**Fig.5.**

**TDA2030A IMS**represents nothing more than an operational amplifier with a powerful weekend cascade and a very good performance. Based on this, have been designed and tested with several non-standard inclusion. Some schemes has been tested "live" on the breadboard, some - modeled in the Electronic Workbench.

**Powerful repeater signal.**

**Fig.6**repeats in shape and amplitude of the input, but has great power, that is scheme can work at low pressures. Repeater can be used, for example, umoschneniya power supplies, increasing the output of low-frequency generator (so you can immediately feel the head speaker or acoustic systems). The band working frequency repeater is linear from dc to 0.5 ... 1 MHz, more than enough for the generator NCH.

**Umoschnenie power sources.**

This chip is included as a repeater signal, output voltage (output 4) is the input (output 1), and the output current can reach values of 3.5 A. Thanks to the built-protection scheme is not afraid of short circuits in the load. The stability of output voltage stability is determined by reference, that is stabilitrona VD1 **Fig.7** and integral stabilizer DA1 **Fig.8.** Naturally, the pattern shown in Fig.7 and Fig.8, you can collect stabilizers and other stress, just need to keep in mind that the total (full) power dissipated by the chip should not exceed 20 Watts. For example, you need to build a stabilizer at 12 V and current 3 A. There is a ready source of food (transformer, rectifier and filter capacitor), which gives U _{IP} = 22 V, with the necessary current load. Then on the chip occurs voltage drop U _{IMS IP} = U - U _{VYH} = 22 -12 V = 10V and a current load 3 A dissipated power reaches values of R = U _{RAS IMS} * I * _{N} = 10B = 3A W 30, that exceeds the maximum value for TDA2030A. The maximum permissible voltage drop in the IMS can be calculated using the formula:

_{IMS}= R

_{RAS.MAH}/ I

_{N.}In our example, U

_{IMS}= 20 W / 3 A = 6.6 V, thus the maximum voltage rectifier must be U = U

_{new IP}+ U

_{IMS}= 12V + 6.6 V = 18.6 B. The number of turns of the transformer secondary windings will diminish. Resistance ballast resistor R1 in the pattern shown in Fig.7, you can count on the formula:

_{IP}- U

_{CT)}/ I

_{ST,}where U

_{ST}and

_{ST}I - respectively voltage and current stabilization stabilitrona. The limits of the current stabilization can be found in the handbook, in practice for low stabilitronov his choosing within 7 ... 15 mA (typically 10 mA). If the current in the above formula to express in milliampere, the amount of resistance to get in kiloomah.

**A simple laboratory power supply.**

I _{MAX} = R _{RAS.MAH} / U _{IMS}

_{VYH}= 6, the chip is happening voltage drop U

_{IMS IP}= U - U

_{VYH}= 36 - 6 = 30, therefore, the maximum current is I

_{MAX}= 20 W / 30 = 0.66 A. When U

_{VYH}= 30 V maximum current can reach a maximum of 3.5 A, as well as a drop in the IMS slightly (6).

**Stabilized laboratory power supply.**

_{IP}= 24), elements VD1, S1 can be excluded from the scheme, but instead R1 set the jumper. If necessary, the maximum output voltage can change the selection of resistance resistor R2 and R4.

**An adjustable current source.**

_{U}BX. As can be seen from the formula, load current does not depend on the resistance loads (of course, up to certain limits, due to end-voltage IMS). Therefore, changing the

_{U}BX from zero to 5 V using potentiometer R1, with the fixed value of resistance R4 = 10 ohms, can be controlled through the current strain of 0 ... 0.5 A. The device can be used for charging batteries and electroplating elements. Charging current stable throughout the cycle of charging and does not depend on the amount of discharge of the battery or the instability of the supply network. The maximum charging current, displayed using potentiometer R1, you can change, increasing or decreasing resistance resistor R4. For example, when R4 = 20 ohms, it has a value of 250 mA, and with R4 = 2 ohms reaches 2.5 A (see formula above). For the scheme are fair restrictions on the maximum output current, both for stabilizing voltage circuits. Another application of a powerful inhibitor of current - measuring small resistance through voltmetra on a linear scale. Indeed, if the value of a current exhibit, for example, 1 A, is connected to the scheme resistor 3 ohms resistance, Ohm's law to get the voltage drop its U = l * R = l A * 3 ohms = 3 V, and connecting, say, resistor resistance 7.5 ohms, we get a drop 7.5 V. Of course, this current can be measured only powerful Low resistors (3 V at 1 A - is 3 W, 7.5 V * 1 A = 7.5 W) But you can reduce the measured current and use the voltmeter to the lower limit of measurement.

**A powerful generator of rectangular pulses.**

Plans powerful generator of rectangular pulses are shown in **Fig.12** (with bipolar diet) and **Fig.13** (with unipolar meals). Plans can be used, for example, the device alarm. This chip includes a Schmitt trigger, and the whole scheme is a classic relaxation RC-oscillator. Consider the job figures. 12. Let's assume that at the time of the power output of IMS is moving towards a positive level of saturation (U _{VYH} = + U _{IP).} Capacitor C1 begins to be charged through resistor R3 with a constant time-Cl R3. When the voltage on C1 will reach half a positive voltage power source (+ U _{IP} / 2), IMS DA1 switch to a negative saturation (U _{VYH} =-U _{IP).} Capacitor C1 will discharged through resistor R3 at the same time Cl R3 to the voltage (-U _{IP} / 2) when the IMS again switches into a positive state of saturation. The cycle will be repeated with a 2,2 C1R3, regardless of the power supply voltages. Frequency pulses can count on the formula:

**A powerful low-frequency generator harmonic oscillations.**

_{Ky}= R3 / Rl + R EL1,

_{2.}Lamps ELI, EL2 serve as elements with variable resistance in the chain of OOS. When increasing the output voltage resistance of the filament lamp by heating increases, causing a decrease gain DA1. Thus, stabilizing the amplitude of the output signal generator, and minimize distortions of form sinusoidalnogo signal. Minimum distortion at the maximum possible output amplitude sought through podstroechnogo resistor R1. To exclude the impact of stress on the frequency and amplitude of the output signal at the output of the generator includes a chain R5C3, frequency oscillations generated can be determined by the formula:

In conclusion, the chips must be installed on the radiator with ohlazhdaemoy surface area of not less than 200 ^{cm} 2. When razvodke agents of the printed circuit board for the amplifier must be Bass track to "earth" tires for input, as well as the power source and output summed with the different parties (conductors to these terminals should not be a continuation of one another, and assembled together to form stars "). This is necessary to minimize the background of the AC and eliminate possible self-amplifier with output power close to the maximum.